JFKU ACADEMIC SUPPORT CENTER AND LIBRARIES
APA REFERENCES LIST CITATION STYLE GUIDELINES

 

APA STYLE: American Psychological Association

 

The pages numbers following each form refer to more detailed information located in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed. The JFKU Libraries have several copies of the manual under this call number: BF 76.7 .P82 2001. Additional citation information is available online:

http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html

 

BOOK CITATION


(p.248)

Basic Form:

Author/editor. (Date of publication). Book title (edition). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Attenborough, D. (1984). The living planet: A portrait of the earth (2nd ed.). Boston: Little, Brown, & Co.

 

CHAPTER IN EDITED BOOK


(p. 252)

Basic Form:

Chapter author. (Date of publication). Chapter title. In Book editor (Ed.), Book title (chapter page numbers). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Hartley, J.T., Harker, J.O., & Walsh, D.A. (1980). Contemporary issues and new directions in adult development of learning and memory. In L.W. Poon (Ed.), Aging in the 1980s: Psychological issues (pp. 239-252). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE


(pp. 271- 272)

Basic Form:

Article authors. (Date of publication). Article title. Periodical Title, volume number (issue), page numbers.

Example:

Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 45 (2), 10-36.

 

VIDEOTAPE


(p. 266)

Basic Form:

Name. (Function of the originator or primary contributors). (Date). Title. [Medium]. Location and name of the distributor.

Example:

Fox, N. (Director & Producer). (1995). Explorations into consciousness: An interview with Deepak Chopra. [Videotape]. New York: Mystic Fire Video.

 

CLASS LECTURE


(p. 214)

Basic Form:

Class lectures are similar to personal communications in that both are irretrievable. Thus cite the communication in the text of the paper, but do not include it on the reference list. There are, however, variations for unpublished lectures, so, if needed, consult the APA Handbook for additional style guidelines.

Example:

(J. P. Smith, personal communication, September 1, 1995)

 

CITING ELECTRONIC MEDIA IN APA STYLE - p.268-271

 

WEBSITE OR INDIVIDUAL WORK ON THE INTERNET


(p. 274)

Basic form:

Author/editor. (Year or "n. d." when publication date is not available). Title. Retrieved [month day, year,] from [Name of organization and/or university then URL, electronic address for the webpage]

Example:

Grassian, E. (2000). Thinking critically about world wide web resources. Retrieved May 12, 2000, from the UCLA College Library http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/college/instruct/web/critical.htm

 

STAND-ALONE DOCUMENT, NO AUTHOR IDENTIFIED, NO DATE


(p. 274)

Basic form:

Title. (n.d.) Retrieved [month date, year,] from [URL]

Example:

GVU's 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.) Retrieved August 8, 2000, from http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/user_surveys/survey-1997-10/

 

JOURNAL ARTICLE - FULL TEXT IN AN ELECTRONIC DATABASE

(p. 279)

Basic form:

Author. (Year). Title. Journal Title , volume (issue), paging or indicator of length. Retrieved [month day, year,] from [Database name].

Example:

Schneiderman, R.A. (1997). Librarians can make sense of the Net. San Antonio Business Journal, 11(31), 58-60. Retrieved June 20, 2000, from ProQuest Research Library.

 

E-JOURNAL ARTICLE THE ELECTRONIC VERSION OF A PRINT JOURNAL


(p. 271)

Basic form:

Author. (Year). Title [Electronic version]. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers.

Example:

Adu-Poku, S. (2001). Envisioning (Black) male feminism: A cross-cultural perspective [Electronic version]. Journal of Gender Studies, 10(2), 157-167.

 

E-MAIL COMMUNICATIONS


(p. 214)

Basic form:

Electronic communications, such as e-mail or discussion lists, are considered personal communication by the APA. Cite the communication in the text of your paper, not on the reference list.

Example:

L. A. Chafez (personal communication, March 28, 1997)