Comparison of the Different Types of Periodicals
Scholarly Trade Popular Newspapers
Purpose Provide in–depth analysis of topics, report current original research Report on industry trends, new products or techniques Provide broad overviews of topics Report current events in politics, business, society and the arts
Authorship Usually an expert or specialist in the field, name and credentials always provided Usually a professional in the field or journalist, name and credentials usually provided Usually a staff writer or a journalist, credentials generally not provided Usually a staff writer or journalist, credentials generally not provided
Language/
Audience
Written in the specialized language of the field for scholarly readers (professors, researchers, students) Written for professionals, include terms and vocabulary specific to the industry Written in non–technical language for anyone to understand Written in non–technical language for the general public
Article
Format/
Structure
Usually structured, to include: abstract, literature review, methodology, results, conclusion, bibliography Don’t necessarily follow a specific format or structure Don’t necessarily follow a specific format or structure Report the main event in lead paragraph and then give additional information
Special Features Illustrations that support the text, such as tables of statistics, graphs, maps, or photographs Illustrations that support the text such as graphics or photographs, including advertisements Illustrations with glossy or color photographs, including advertisements Photos accompany the text, including advertisments, special pull–out sections
Editorial Review Reviewed and critically evaluated by a group of experts in the field (refereed) Not evaluated by experts in the field, but by editors on staff Not evaluated by experts in the field, but by editors on staff Not evaluated by experts in the field, but by editors on staff
Credits A bibliography (work cited) and/or footnotes are always provided to document research methods and sources A bibliography (work cited) is usually not provided, although titles of reports or references may be mentioned in the text A bibliography (work cited) is usually not provided, although titles of reports or references may be mentioned in the text A bibliography (work cited) is usually not provided, although titles of reports or references may be mentioned in the text
Publisher Typically professional associations or research institutions Typically professional or trade associations Typically for–profit corporations Typically for–profit corporations

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