There are a number of different styles or formats for citations. Which you use depends upon the subject discipline you are working in. If you are uncertain about which style to use, ask your teacher.


Each style includes the same basic parts of a citation, but may organize them slightly differently.

Some Commonly Used Writing Style Guides:

APA
a p a
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
The APA style is often used by students in the social sciences.
MLA
m l a
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
The MLA (Modern Language Association) style is often used by students in languages and English. Most instructors at require you to use MLA.
Chicago Manual of Style
Chicago Manual of Style
A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations
This commonly-used manual by Kate Turabian is a student version of a longer guide, The Chicago Manual of Style.

At JFKU, we primarily use APA style. The Academic Support Center and the Libraries have style guides with examples of citations available. Online guides are available on the library Web site on the APA Citation Style page.